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Büşra Karakaş_edited.jpg

Büşra KARAKAŞ, BSc. Student 

Metallurgical and Materials Engineering

Yıldız Technical University


Carbon-Fiber Reinforced Glass Ceramic Coatings

Co-Supervisor: Nurullah Çöpoğlu, Assoc Prof. Dr. Buğra Çiçek

Glass-ceramic coatings (GCCs) are generated by the controlled heat-treatment process of a parent system on ferrous or non-ferrous substrates by wet or dry coating techniques [1], [2]. Glass-ceramics provide high-temperature and abrasion resistance, high strength, machinability, and biocompatibility by integrating the characteristics of glasses with the advantages of crystalline phases [3], [4]. Glass-ceramic coatings possess low abrasion resistance due to their brittleness nature, in contrast to their strong technical characteristics [5]. A combination of high hardness and toughness can enhance this resistance. Therefore, the goal of this study is to enhance the toughness of these high-hardness coatings by incorporating high-hardness and modular carbon fiber. Carbon fiber reinforced glass matrix composites have a variety of properties, including high strength, stiffness, excellent toughness, low density, and unique tribological behavior for structural applications [6]. The main disadvantage of this type of composite is its low oxidation resistance in an oxidative atmosphere at high temperatures. During the fracture of the coatings containing carbon fiber, when a crack reaches the carbon fibers, debonding and pull-out occur, and hence the strain energy release rate for the toughness mechanism increases. With significant fiber pull-out, the composite fracture strain is greater than that of the coating alone, indicating improved composite toughness [7].


  1. Karakaş B., Çöpoğlu N., Gökdemir H., Cengiz T., Çiçek B., Utilization Carbon Fibers in Glass-Ceramic Coatings, Journal of the Turkish Ceramics Society, Vol:1, Issue:3, 2021.



[1]  P. S. B. M. H. LEWIS, J. METCALF-JOHANSEN, “Crystallization Mechanisms in Glass-Ceramics,” Management, vol. 62, no. 5, pp. 278–288,1979.

[2] I. W. Donald, P. M. Mallinson, B. L. Metcalfe, L. A. Gerrard, and J. A. Fernie, “Recent developments in the preparation, characterization and applications of glass- and glass-ceramic-to-metal seals and coatings,” J. Mater. Sci., vol. 46, no. 7, pp. 1975–2000, 2011, doi: 10.1007/s10853-010-5095-y.

[3]  G. A. Khater, E. M. Safwat, J. Kang, Y. Yue, and A. G. A. Khater, “Some Types of Glass-Ceramic Materials and their Applications,” Int. J. Res. Stud. Sci. Eng. Technol., vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 2349–476, 2020.

[4] D. Wang, “Effect of crystallization on the property of hard enamel coating on steel substrate,” Appl. Surf. Sci., vol. 255, no. 8, pp. 4640–4645, 2009, doi: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2008.12.007.

[5] S. Rossi, N. Parziani, and C. Zanella, “Abrasion resistance of vitreous enamel coatings in function of frit composition and particles presence,” Wear, vol. 332–333, pp. 702–709, 2015, doi: 10.1016/j.wear.2015.01.058.

[6] W. K. Tredway and R. Technologies, “Carbon Fiber Reinforced Glass Matrix Composites For Prepared By Department Of The Navy Office Of Naval Research,” no. October, 2014.

[7] K. K. K. Sumit Pramanik, Ayan Manna, Ashis Tripathy, Composite materials: Processing, applications, characterizations, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2016.

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